9 Best Programming Languages For Software Development

Hundreds of programming languages are available for software development.

Every language comes with a different syntax and has its difficulty level. Recently we’ve listed languages to learn for automation.

When you are starting to learn to program, or become an ethical hacker. If you are unsure what language you should learn first?

Table of Contents

C++

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C++ is a part of the original C programming language. It is being used for a very long time by software developers.

C++ is a flexible programming language that can be used to develop software, games, web pages, etc. you can create any software with this specific language and expect it to run at a fast pace.

Let’s study C++ in a bit of depth.

Advantages of using C++

There are certain advantages of using C++ that we will now talk about.

It is mobile:

Unlike most programming languages, C++ can easily be used for the same program on different computers.

For instance, you have been using a specific operating system for coding, and now you wish to move to another operating system; you can easily do that with C++. These characteristics of the language help programmers greatly.

It supports more than one style of programming:

The language is not limited to one style of programming. Hence, you can use different structures, etc., to code a software.  

Disadvantages of using C++

  • C++ cannot be said to be very secure due to the various features it includes.
  • It can be extremely confusing; should not be used by beginners.
  • It does not delete unimportant data itself. So you have to do it yourself.

Summary:

Programmers have been using C++ for many years and despite its disadvantages it is loved by the developers. Some of the most known softwares have been developed using C++.

Here are some of the most popular apps written using C++ include:

  • Adobe Photoshop and illustrator.
  • Spotify.
  • YouTube.
  • Amazon.com.
  • Microsoft Office.

C#

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C# is a programming language widely used for software and game development. It is designed and distributed by Microsoft.

It has a code similar to that of C++. However, it is much easier to learn and use. C# is used to develop a variety of software and applications due to its flexible nature.

Advantages of C#:

Like every other programming language, C# has certain advantages.

It is easy to learn:

As we have said before, C# has a similar syntax to the one used in C++. Hence it is straightforward to use for people who have knowledge of the C language.

Other than this, it is not at all complex. Therefore, beginners can always start learning through C#.

Works well with Windows:

To run C# on your windows, you do not require a special software. You have to make sure that your operating system supports .NET and you are good to go.

Can employ more developers:

Suppose you have your own business, and you use C# in it. Now that your business is growing, you would need more programmers.

For C#, you easily find them as it is a standard programming language that almost all programmers learn.

It is very secure:

One of the most significant advantages of C# is that it is encrypted. Suppose your program gets hacked; the hacker will not get the original code but will view the encrypted code.

To get to the original code, the hacker will have to decrypt the code, which will require him to have the encryption keys.

Disadvantages of C#:

With advantages come certain disadvantages. Let’s have a look at some disadvantages that C# has.

It requires the latest version of Windows:

In order to run the upgraded version of C#, you require an updated Windows. This is because the older versions of Windows will not support the latest version of .NET.

So, in order to use the upgraded version, you should install the latest Windows or keep on working with the old version of C#.

Encryption can be a hassle:

While encrypted coding keeps your data safe, there is a disadvantage of using encrypted data – you have to encrypt your code every time you need to write a new code or rewrite the old code.

This can be time-consuming and can add bugs to your codes at times.

Summary:

All programming languages come with certain disadvantages. However, C#’s advantages overweigh its disadvantages and hence it is widely used. Here are some of the most popular apps made using C#:

  • Windows Installer XML.
  • Paint.NET.
  • KeePass.
  • FlashDevelop.
  • NMath.

Rust

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Rust is a programming language made by Mozilla Corporation, is used for software and application development. It is an easy-to-use programming language and falls under the category of low-level languages.

Rust is known to be a fast and secure programming language. It is growing in popularity day by day and is being used by various high-end companies.

Keep on reading to find more about Rust.

Advantages and Disadvantages of using Rust of using Rust:

Like every other language used to develop software, Rust has specific pros and cons. However, its Pros outweigh its cons.

  • Rust is swift, saving the time of programmers.
  • It is said to be highly efficient and secure.
  • It is highly popular amongst software developers.
  • It has a complex syntax which can take a long time to learn and write.

Summary:

Rust is a popular language that programmers have been using. Let’s look at some stats to find the actual popularity of Rust:

  • Rust is a prevalent language that programmers love.
  • In the PYPL Popularity Index of February 2021, Rust was ranked at number 16.
  • It is rated at number 17 on IEEE’s top languages of 2019.

Listed below are some of the software developed by Rust are listed below:

  • FireFox.
  • Dropbox.
  • Cloudflare.

Python

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Python is a software developing language known to everyone. It is widely taught in schools and colleges as it is the best programming language for beginners.

Python is easy to learn and use language with no complex syntaxes. Programmers all over the world use Python for web and software developments.

Let’s find out some exciting information regarding Python!

Advantages of using Python:

Like every language, Python has various advantages. Let’s take a look at some of them.

It is easy to use:

The syntax for Python is very similar to English, making it easier for developers to learn and write it. It is hence called a high-level programming language.

Beginners are always advised to start programming using Python as there are no complex codes involved in it.

It is executed line by line:

Unlike other programming language, the codes written using Python are run one by one. This means if any code has an error in it, you will find out about it then and there.

This makes it easier for the developer to fix the errors.

Does not require variables or data types to be proclaimed:

Python is said to be “dynamic” – this means that it automatically adds variables and data types to your codes.

This saves a developer a lot of time and hassle.

It is mobile:

Python is very convenient in the sense that you only have to write a code once, and it can be used on any other operating system.

Disadvantages of using Python:

While it may have several pros, Python has various cons as well.

It is not fast:

As Python executes codes one by one, the process becomes very slow as the developer has to stop every time an error occurs.

Also, as Python automatically assigns variables and data types to the codes written – it slows down the coding process.

Python utilizes a lot of memory:

Python takes away a lot of memory, and therefore, if a software being developed, memory enhancement – using Python can create an issue for the developer.

Summary:

Python is widely used. Various famous software has been developed using Python. Some of these include:

  • Google.
  • Instagram.
  • Reddit.
  • Quora.
  • Netflix.

Java

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Developers are using Java for the past two decades. Programmers widely use Java to develop software, application, web, and mobile.

Java is an easy-to-use programming language that provides a lot of features for its users.

Read along to find more about Java.

Advantages of using Java:

Developers are using Java for so long for specific reasons – it offers various benefits to its users. Let’s look at some advantages Java has.

It is not complicated:

Java is a high-level language which means it can quickly be learned, written, maintained, and understood. The errors made in Java can easily be fixed due to it easy to understand language.

Java consists of no characteristics that would complicate the language for its users.

It is a safe programming language:

Java is highly secure due to the fact that it does not make use of pointers. Due to this, it is not easy for anything malicious to happen.

Also, Java has a security manager – making the programming language more secure.

It is not limited to a specific machine:

One of the most significant advantages of using Java is that you do not require a specific operating system for it. Java can be run on any machine that can support Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

This also makes it a portable programming language as it can be used on any machine.

Disadvantages of using Java:

Java, along with its advantages, consists of some disadvantages which you should be aware of.

It takes up time:

Java can be very slow due to its various features. This is because every code written in Java has to be interpreted to a machine code level.

The garbage collector used in Java can also take up a lot of CPU time – slowing down the whole process.

Java has no reserves:

Instead of backing up data, Java just stores it. Due to which users can quickly lose data in case of a mishap.

Summary:

Java is an extremely popular programming language used for software development. It is widely used all around the globe by developers. Following is a list of some of the software we use daily that were developed using Java:

  • Uber.
  • Airbnb.
  • Pinterest.
  • Twitter.
  • Signal.

JavaScript

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JavaScript is widely used by programmers to develop softwares and web pages. JavaScript is used by various companies. 

Let’s look at some of the reasons why JavaScript is widely used.

Advantages of using JavaScript:

Since JavaScript does not require any external resource, it runs almost immediately. This indicates that JavaScript is extremely fast and helps speed up the process for a programmer. 

Moreover, JavaScript has simple codes which are easier to learn and write. Also, JavaScript keeps on getting updated according to the needs of users making it convenient for programmers. 

Disadvantages of using JavaScript:

JavaScript is not that secure and due to it malicious exploitation can take place. This is the reason why usually developers avoid using JavaScript.

Sometimes the codes written using JavaScript can be interpreted wrongly by other browsers. While it might not be a big issue – some developers find this as a negative point. 

Summary:

JavaScript is a popular programming language used for developing softwares. It has been used to develop apps like Netflix, Candy Crush, Facebook, and LinkedIn to name a few. 

While the programming language might have some advantages, it also comes with disadvantages. Hence while making the decision of choosing JavaScript keep in mind what you have to work for. 

Ruby

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Ruby unlike JavaScript is a high-level programming language a. Ruby is a free of cost programming language available for programmers.

It is an easy to use programming language – simple syntaxes are used in Ruby which can be learned with ease. Various software’s have been developed using Ruby. This specific programming language is growing popular day by day.

Advantages of using Ruby:

There are certain benefits of using Ruby. Let’s look at some of these advantages. 

It is time efficient:

Ruby is an easy to learn and use language. Therefore, if you get the hang of it you can write codes with ease at a fast pace. 

Ruby provides you with various tools as well that help you to use Ruby efficiently.

Regular updates:

With Ruby, you get to see updates regularly. This enhances a programmers experience and makes the whole process fast. 

Ruby is secure:

One of the major problems that programmers face are security threats. However, due to the built in features, Ruby expels any such threats. 

High in Popularity:

Ruby has an increasing popularity. It is being used by various programmers and is being taught in various schools. The main reason behind this is the fact that it is free to use and is easy to learn.

Disadvantages of using Ruby:

With advantages come certain disadvantages. Let’s look at some disadvantages of using Ruby:

It has a slow boot speed:

One of the major issues that developers face is that Ruby has a slow boot speed. Therefore, it takes a long time to start. 

It is not versatile:

Ruby ca be used perfectly. However, it does not give many options for customization due to which users do not find every option they require.

Summary:

Ruby is a popular programming language used to develop softwares. While it does have some disadvantages, its advantages outweigh them. 

Some popular apps that you use daily have been developed using Ruby. These apps include; BaseCamp, GitHub, Soundcloud, Slideshare, and Shopify. 

Scala

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Scala is a modern programming language used by programmers. It is developed keeping in mind the functions that programmer needs. 

The programming language has various features due to which it is an easy to use programming language. It works on Java Virtual Machine and is compatible with Java Applications. 

 Advantages of using Scala:

It is easy to learn:

Scala uses a simple syntax – which is easy to learn even for beginners and easy to write. Also, the codes used in Scala are very concise so programmers pick it up in no time. 

Scala has high quality:

As Scala is a functional programming language, the codes written in Scala have fewer errors. Also, as it has smaller codes, fewer errors are expected.

Due to this it has high quality work.

Scala has better developers:

Due to it being a functional language, the developer who use Scala tend to pick up programming languages like Java easily and can apply what they learn in Scala to other languages. 

Disadvantages of using Scala:

While Scala has various advantages it also has certain disadvantages.

Small popularity:

Since Scala has not attained a lot of popularity. Due to this reason not many developers use Scala. Therefore, if your company requires more developers you might have difficulty finding them. 

It can be harder to understand:

As Scala works as being both object-oriented and functional – sometimes it can be difficult for developers to understand the information provided. 

Summary:

Scala is still growing in popularity. It has certain features that make it an excellent programming language. However, developers should use Scala keeping in mind what type of work they are required to do. 

Some famous apps developed using Scala include; Foursquare, Tumblr, Twitter, Netflix, and LinkedIn. 

Lisp

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Lisp is one of the oldest programming languages for software development. Lisp is preferred by programmers due to its high flexibility. 

It is also popular because of its easy coding which enables developers to learn and use it with ease. 

Advantages of using Lisp:

  • It makes changes to the codes on its own where needed. 
  • It has various features and is very flexible. 
  • Despite its flexibility it is not slow and gets work done at a good pace. 
  • Lisp is homoiconic. 

Summary:

Lisp might not be very popular but is still used by various developers due to the benefits it provides to its users.

Here are a few companies that use Lisp:

  • Acceleration.
  • Alphacet, LLC.
  • Clozure Associates.
  • Eaton Vance.
  • Franz Inc.

To wrap it up!

It is not easy for a programmer to choose a single programming language to develop software from hundreds of them. However, if you know what you have to do, you can easily select one. Go through the list of languages we have provided you with and find the most suitable software for your software.

While new programming languages are coming out every day, keep in mind that you should use the ones you can easily use.

Happy programming!

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