Being one of the leading, popular, and easiest programming languages, Java offers more than dozen of IDEs for Linux as well as androids have many Python IDEs.
Choosing the best one that helps developers to write and debug Java programs more easily and enhance the efficiency of application development processes could be extremely challenging. By the end of this article, you’ll have the basic knowledge to use the best ide for Java in Linux.
List of Best Java IDEs suitable with Linux (Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora)
Here we are reviewing popular Java integrated development environments for Linux to work with, listed based on their features, advantages, popularity among the java developers, personal preference.
Eclipse comes at the top on the list of best Java for Linux, it is famous among programmers and developers and it allows them to create so many Java applications on the web, mobile, desktop, and enterprise domains. Moreover, its extensive plugin ecosystem is extremely helpful to customize functionalities that are extremely helpful for the development of an application.
Based on the features it lays down, Eclipse is a top choice integrated development environment. For those who want to work with multiple languages with a single IDE, Eclipse is the best option because it has made it possible to develop applications in different programming languages.
- It is available in two editions; desktop and cloud. Eclipse Che (the cloud edition) helps programmers and developers to develop apps through a web browser.
- It has built-in integration with so many Windows Builder including PyDev, Git client, XML editor, Maven, CVS client, and Mylyn.
- It is easy to integrate the latest tools into existing code because the eclipse is quickly updated.
- Plethora of plug-ins has made Eclipse widely useful and popular.
- Apart from Linux, it can be used on other platforms as well like Mac OS, Windows, and Solaris.
- Just like other IDEs, using plugins is a bit difficult in Eclipse.
- After each plugin, a restart is needed.
- It takes a lot of memory.
- Hanging issues.
Offered by Oracle Corporation, this well-established integrated development environment covers the entire lifecycle of development from coding and designing to debugging, profiling, and deploying. Developers can now edit their applications directly from the coding environment due to JDeveloper. It’s drag-and-drop feature has simplified the application development process.
There are three editions of JDeveloper available named J2EE, JAVA, and Studio and each has a different set of features and tools.
- In order to ease the application development process, JDeveloper integrated development environment is capable to integrate with Oracle ADF.
- SQL queries can be easily executed with this IDE.
- Along with other essential tools, it provides visual development tools for applications in order to create an advanced coding environment.
- It is cost-effective and free for everyone.
- It is visual HTML 5 editor.
- It offers a visual and declarative approach to simplify application development.
- Apart from Linux, it can be used on other platforms as well like windows and Mac OS.
- As JDeveloper IDE is heavy, it can slow down the execution of programs.
- Just like other integrated development environments, this program is not flexible as much with plug-ins.
- It utilizes a lot of memory.
- Quite difficult for beginners to understand and use.
Released in January 2001, IntelliJ is the best and a tried-and-true Java integrated development environment. Its advanced features such as data flow analysis, cross-language refactoring, language injection, and smart completion make programming much easier. The features of IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse are somehow similar but the major difference is that the latter is fully open source that is why majority of developers and programmers prefer Eclipse.
It is available in the community (open source) and ultimate/commercial (paid) editions. The community edition of IntelliJ IDEA focuses on Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and Android development whereas, on the other hand, ultimate/commercial mainly pays attention to web and enterprise development. However, the latter is recommended for those who want advanced functionality.
- Community edition of IntelliJ supports Kotlin, CVS, Java, SVN, Scala, TFS, Groovy, Mercurial, Git, Maven, SBT, and Gradle.
- Apart from other java frameworks, it also supports Kotlin — a JVM-based programming language.
- It offers a plethora of plugins through which additional functionality can be added easily to the IDE.
- In addition to Linux, It supports Mac OS and Windows.
In 2010, IntelliJ got the highest test center score out of the other 4 integrated development environments including JDeveloper, Eclipse, NetBeans, and IntelliJ IDEA.
- Indexing takes a lot of time.
- It is only useful with Java language.
- Slow to start sometimes.
- Costs to work with advanced functionality.
Price: Ultimate edition – $499.00 per year ($49.90 per month)
Began in 1997, NetBeans is another big Java IDE that is truly the most prominent and outstanding integration development environment for web development. This open-source and free Java IDE is official for Java 8 and offers a wide range of potent tools and features.
It permits the apps to be developed from modules (a set of modular software components) and each module has a specific function such as editing, SVN, and support for the Java language and CVS versioning system. All the modules that are needed for Java development are provided by NetBeans in a single download, making it much easier for the user to work immediately.
- It enhances efficiency and accuracy with its powerful debugging and refactoring tools.
- NetBeans has made it much easier to customize software applications for programmers with its feature of highlighting Java code syntactically and semantically.
- It is open source, fast, user-friendly, and easier to install.
- It offers a simple plugin ecosystem as compared to IntelliJ and Eclipse. However, it beats both of them if the developer doesn’t want much time for setup before coding.
- NetBeans also supports Mac OS, Solaris, and Windows.
- Any Maven project can be naively loaded by this IDE and this is no doubt a killer feature.
- NetBeans takes a lot of memory.
- It doesn’t work on old computers.
- Debugger is a bit slow as compared to other IDEs.
- Plug-ins require system resources.
If you are a beginner, BlueJ is the best option because the Monash University of Australia introduced it for educational purposes. Even though it is different from other IDEs, you can make small Java apps from this powerful tool.
It is an innovative Java IDE that offers unique features such as object benches, code pads, and scope coloring. Not only beginners, but it is also widely used by Java veterans because of its simpler interface.
- It’s interactive interface is smaller and simpler as compared to other IDEs like Eclipse and NetBeans, thereby allowing new developers to get started immediately.
- Being the most powerful graphical shell/REPL, the BlueJ integration development environment allows you to interact with objects.
- The most outstanding feature is that there is no need to run BlueJ with a USB stick installation.
- Its Syntax highlighting feature is unique that shows different program tokens more clearly in different colors.
- Debugging is simple and easy because it indicates errors at the screen bottom.
- Apart from Linux, it runs on all platforms that run Java such as Mac OS X and windows
- It lacks advanced functionality.
- Not good for larger and complex projects.
- It lacks plugin ecosystem.
Just like BlueJ, Greenfoot integrated development environment was also designed for the purpose of education in 2003, thereby allowed young developers and programmers to make programming much simpler, easier, and enjoyable.
This is again the best Java IDE available for Linux and other platforms because you can develop 2D games and other small apps easily with this IDE.
- Greenfoot is always the first choice of learners because it offers online tutorials and provides a free platform for students and teachers to interact online.
- Creation of two-dimensional graphical apps is now much easier due to this IDE, such as interactive games and simulations.
- It offers so many functionalities to users including Code completion, Scope highlighting, Image editing, and Mp3 support among others.
- It is open-source and free for all.
- The concept of object-oriented programming is illustrated well by this IDE that includes object interactions, class/object relationship, and parameters.
- You can get easy access to sounds and animations with this integrated development environment.
- Greenfoot is also a cross-platform like other IDEs and available for Windows, Solaris, and Mac OS.
- It is not good for experienced programmers as it lacks advanced features.
- It’s interface needs to be updated.
Auburn University developed a free and lightweight IDE named Jgrasp. It helps in improving the comprehensibility of software with its automatic software visualization capabilities. Its built in feature allows the viewers to identify the data structure. UML class diagrams, integrated debugger, and workbench are some unique features of JGrasp.
- As this IDE was developed in Java, so it can easily run on all those platforms having JVM (Java version 1.5 or higher).
- It is capable of producing Control Structure Diagrams in different languages such as Objective-C, Python, Ada, VHDL, and C++.
- For user guides, this integrated development environment offers complete set of documentation.
- Programmers and developers are able to locate bugs and check style by a plethora of plugins provided by this IDE.
- Apart from Linux, JGrasp is also available for Windows, and Mac OS.
- It cannot run big projects faster.
- It is not user friendly because it lacks navigation tool.
- The interface of this integrated development environment is weaker as compared to others.
Based on Eclipse Che, Codenvy was founded in 2013. It is an on-demand and cloud-hosted workspace that offers all types of features that you want from an offline integrated development environment. It is not free but you can use it after paying a monthly or yearly fee.
Due to its ability to run in lightweight Linux containers, it is helpful to build and run millions of workspaces by enabling an instant startup. The containerized workspaces of this integrated development environment can be easily accessible through a browser. So, there will be no need for the creation, maintenance, and management of development environments.
- The most beneficial features of Codenvy such as syntax highlighting, refactoring, and code completion have made this IDE much powerful.
- It is now much easier for programmers to start project from any device within seconds.
- Along Linux, it is also available for Windows, Solaris, and Mac OS.
- Multiple people or teams can use this reasonably priced tool easily from everywhere.
- Lagging issue.
- Another frustrating issue with Codenvy is that you have to re-launch your code due to virtual machine powers off every few minutes.
- It is good for personal use but utilizes a lot of memory for multiple projects.
Price: $30.00/User/Month OR $350/user/year
Another open-source, free and lightweight best Java integrated development environment for Linux is DrJava. Initially it was designed for educational purposes to guide students and beginners.
We can say it is not as much power as other IDEs we have listed above but offers a remarkable clutter-free interface. Give thanks to this IDE that Java code can now be easily evaluated by developers and programmers from a console. They can generate these outputs within the same console as well.
- Some of its advanced features are brace matching, syntax coloring, auto-completion, commenting, and automatic indentation.
- It is open source and free for everyone.
- Another main feature is that it can integrate Eclipse through plugin.
- Best serves well as a source level debugger and unit testing tool.
- There is no need for initial setup while using tis IDE.
- Applicable on Mac OS and Windows as well.
- Developers are now able to troubleshoot their programs more quickly through DrJava.
- DrJava only offers minimal functionalities.
- It is not perfect for real-time apps.
As you can see, there is a number of Java Ides available for Linux each with different features and drawbacks from commercial to open-source ones. It all depends upon your needs!
Sometimes your company asks you to choose an integrated development environment and sometimes you need it for your own project. Thus, choosing the right IDE is a need of every developer and programmer for programming, debugging, and testing systems accurately and efficiently.
In the last of this article, we have come up to the point that IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, and NetBeans are considered the top-notch and best Java IDEs for Linux with so many potent tools and features.
Do you agree? We will be glad to have your point of view about these Java IDEs.
We hope this guide has been helpful to you!