Bootstrap vs React : which one is Better for frontend

While heading on the way to become a successful front-end developer, you will come across a stage where the difference between bootstrap and React will give you a fair idea to move on.

Here is a brief summary of Bootstrap vs React.

Bootstrap 4 is a front-end framework, and it was developed for making web pages mobile-friendly quickly. It is mostly used to create structures for static websites as it has preloaded components, layouts for this direction.

Whereas React library (a javascript’s library), also called React.js, was developed for maintaining UI of a dynamic single-web page and has UI components that are updateable on their own as per a user’s action.

It’s used on client-sides to enhance the user experience, and essentially its virtual DOM function plays an important role by making specific parts of a page load faster.

However, by nature, both are popular among the front-end developer community.

Bootstrap vs React – Differences.

ParameterReactJsBootstrap
Prime purposeReactJS makes a web page load faster, enhancing it further for a better user experience.Bootstrap 4 helps in making mobile friendly-websites, HTML layouts, CSS designing, and JavaScript functions work well.
WebsitesMost dynamic websites use ReactJS for its virtual DOM.Dynamic as well static, both types of websites use bootstrap framework for their responsive design..
Developed byJordan walke developed reactjs in 2013, a member of facebook’s team. @MDO and @Fat developed bootstrap in 2011, a member of twitter’s team.
Super featureIt’s used to deal with components, states, and sub-parts of a web page.It’s used to deal with columns, rows, tables, and different layouts on a webpage.
PopularityAccording to Github, reactJs is still less popular than Bootstrap, even though a great increment has been noticed over the years.Bootstrap has gained tremendous popularity; according to Github, it’s a way to go for many front-end developers.
Languages usedReact developed by using javascript codes.Bootstrap was created by HTML, CSS, SASS, and javascript.

You are probably looking for more. Let’s have a closer look at the purposes of each of them.

Bootstrap

Bootstrap is a powerful open-source toolkit. It comes on top of the list of libraries for front-end development for the fact that it has a wide array of HTML, CSS, and javascript templates.

The templates contain radio buttons, buttons, forums, navigation, links, dropdown, and many more that can power up designing a front-end of a website. What’s more? They all followed the myth “Mobile first.”

Although it does actually come up with anything out of the box yet has added some in-built HTML, CSS, Javascript components that can be used with easiness and lay down exceptional results in a short amount of time.

It’s famous, not without reason; the advantages that come up with this toolkit are sky-high. For instance, it maintains wide browser compatibility, offers consistent design by using reusable HTML components that are too easy to implement even for a beginner.

It offers well-heeled extensibility using JavaScript, has built-in support for jQuery plugins, and a programmatic JavaScript API.

The topmost advantage is its responsiveness. 

While building a structure using HTML tags, we know it takes a lot of time and codes to make a web structure mobile-friendly. More specifically, for a beginner, it’s not less than a headache to create a mobile-friendly design.

So there, Bootstrap tool takes over this painful load. It comes up with pre-built components to be used for building a web structure; either you can build static as bootstrap is well integrated with HTML.

Or building up dynamic structures is also possible since it supports javascript scripts by default.

Why use Bootstrap?

Rapid development 

One of the main advantages of Bootstrap is rapid development. Any individual with knowledge of HTML, CSS can build a structure in a very short amount of time. This tool’s shortcuts are key to make this possible as bootstrap can call classes either CSS, HTML, or javascript instantly.

Easy to use

Bootstrap is easy to use for everyone. Unlike other frameworks that mostly build-up for experts, it targets beginners and makes them able to enhance their coding skills like an expert.

Getting started with bootstrap is just a talk of minutes. Further assistance can be grabbed from its website in the shape of a well-documented document.

UI components

Bootstrap offers a wide range of components on the ground that you would love to have as a front-end developer. The component includes cards, carousel, navbar, list, pagination, popovers, and any important parts of a website that are shaped already in the components.

Read the document to use them and get started with building your dream website more productively.

Responsiveness

The most important factor in a website’s design is “responsiveness.” Because when you publish your website live, not all people visiting your website have the same screen-sizes.

And neither means you create different versions for different screen sizes. With bootstrap, you build responsive websites that view correctly on all various screen-variations.

Whether it’s a mobile or a 48’’ inch large custom PC screen,  A website shapes itself accordingly. Never mind, the way easier than messing up with HTML tags.

Grid system

Bootstrap’s grid system is the most popular and useful for developers. Aligning, rowing, and numbering columns is not just easy, but also, this grid system makes them responsive for all the screen sizeseasy, butizes. Flexbox is the reason why it’s responsive.

Boootstrap Code Example-
<div class=”container”>
  <div class=”row”>
    <div class=”col-sm”>
      One of three columns
    </div>
    <div class=”col-sm”>
      One of three columns
    </div>
    <div class=”col-sm”>
      One of three columns
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

React.JS

React or React.js a toolkit brought up for the client-side. Mainly for making a web page load faster, scalable, and respond well against a user’s action on the front-end. And it corresponds to the view in the MVC structure. On the point, react has brought up a big revolution for the websites.

In the past, websites fundamentally worked on a simple structure. Developers wrapped code in the .html file and then published that file lives using PHP with integrated servers. At that time, HTML, CSS ruled over the client-side logic, and PHP was ruling backend logic.

Although the terminology was not bad yet, things always need to be revolutionized. And that revolution was first brought up by javascript. It introduced a way to make the front-end shine.

With javascript, building dynamic structures became possible. It ruled over a decade and became one of the popular front-side scripting languages.

However, with time, the speed performance on the client-side became a matter of discerning. As each time a user makes an action, the whole page has to reload to respond to the user’s action. Essentially, Facebook was the first that encountered speed-logics on the client-side and looked up for something beyond that, something that can reload a specific portion of a web page rather than fetching the integral components from the server each time. As a result, reactjs was born.

Entering Reactjs

Throughout the period, the website-developing logics are primarily focusing on ways to reduce the burden on the server. In this way, users can quickly navigate a front-end page. And for this, the only wall to break through was the SSR.

Ever since Angular (javascript’s library) did well for years to make javascript able to fetch the data from servers. Still, the DOM architecture needed to be fully reloaded in order to respond back to the page. That takes time on the front end.

Here the React’s virtual DOM functions took it over. Such that, on a dynamic front-end, it makes it possible for end-users to navigate throughout a webpage quickly. 

What this means is that the initial render uses SSR, and the subsequent navigations act like a single-page. In short, With React, you are not moving away with the SSRlogic, yet you are utilizing it in a smart way. 

Why use React?

Form a complex UI

Reactjs is component-based. One or more developers can encapsulate different UI components of a web page and merge them all into one to form a complex user interface. Each component in React can manage its own state as well as render or update. 

Faster reloading

Reactjs updates data on a web page faster, making it viable to be used on dynamic websites where the view data has to change frequently. Speedy-changes take place due to the Reactjs virtual DOM function, which is closer to javascript’s DOM.

But unlike DOM’s reloading a page logic which can be explained as a structured-tree data binding where one change affects all the components, The virtual DOM smartly picks the right components and lets them be changed only.

Codes are easy to debug

React codes are easy to debug. Developers can easily make changes to an object without messing around with other components on a page because the components are independent, thus having no impact on each one so you can ensure that the rest of the app features will be during changing intervals up and running.

Creating your own components is easy.

React follows a render() method to let developers create their custom components. To begin with, you’ll need to input the field and return the value as view-display.

Further, many external frameworks and several libraries can be accessed. For instance, the below example shows how to use React, and we can implement the markdown library into our component.

Code Example of React.JS
class MarkdownEditor extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.md = new Remarkable();
    this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this);
    this.state = { value: ‘Hello, **world**!’ };
  }
  handleChange(e) {
    this.setState({ value: e.target.value });
  }
  getRawMarkup() {
    return { __html: this.md.render(this.state.value) };
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <div className=”MarkdownEditor”>
        <h3>Input</h3>
        <label htmlFor=”markdown-content”>
          Enter some markdown
        </label>
        <textarea
          id=”markdown-content”
          onChange={this.handleChange}
          defaultValue={this.state.value}
        />
        <h3>Output</h3>
        <div
          className=”content”
          dangerouslySetInnerHTML={this.getRawMarkup()}
        />
      </div>
    );
  }
}
ReactDOM.render(
  <MarkdownEditor />,
  document.getElementById(‘markdown-example’)
);

React vs Bootstrap- Author’s remark

Bootstrap and React js or just React both have a fair share in the web-development dimension. Either you are a beginner or an expert, you will find yourself driving into these toolkits after a while.

On the way to becoming a successful front-end developer in 2021, including these tools into skill sets has become an essential need for everyone.

Taking into account the usages of either of the tools.

Take bootstrap as-is for building mobile-first websites. To get off with this tool, an individual who has a grip over CSS and HTML language can effortlessly find a way to utilize it. At least, can build a mobile-first front end.

Nevertheless, the possibilities of what can be achieved with this Bootstrap framework are far beyond, and significantly it can work with Jquery plugins and javascript script chunks. 

On the other hand, Reactjs has targeted a significant approach in web development. It’s something like an advanced way to build up an architecture that is focused on user-interactions.

Facebook app is the perfect example for itself. Where most of the time, a user spends time clicking here and there, like playing with the front-end. And to make a user’s playground more enjoyable, Facebook has utilized reactjs to boost up the response time. 

Moreover, React does offer components out of the box. Custom components can be well-made as they can be integrated with HTML, CSS, or even it has a specific Reactstrap which is a bootstrap library for Reactjs.

This implies that a developer can build a responsive front-end from scratch with React. However, it’s not recommended to go up to this extent with this tool, as there are big chances you make things mixed up. Even experts avoid this approach.

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