Fedora vs Ubuntu- An updated Comparison in 2021

Let’s settle down the old age-debate which one is better among Fedora vs Ubuntu. And which one you should choose in 2021? Let’s Discuss their uses, differences, and have a look upon their comparison.

Ubuntu and Fedora both are genuinely famous OS.

Often, people take them very similar to each other.

The basic difference between Fedora vs Ubuntu

That is; Fedora is an environment more like a testing stage for the Red Hat developers, that’s why it executes new updates as early as possible.

Consequently, it’s unstable thus expect a few bugs on it.

Whereas Ubuntu is a Distro derived from Debian, proclaimed as stable and simple to utilize, its fundamental intent is to serve everything to every user, as it’s attempting to pick up the exposure by being an all-rounder.

Be that as it may, it appears it did it straight sufficient.

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Ubuntu 20.10 vs Fedora 33 compariosn.

ParameterUbuntu 20.10Fedora 33
Primary AimServe everything to every user.It is basically a testing ground for RHEL servers.
Base & Core languageIt is a Debian-based Linux Distro.It is a testing ground for developers of Red hat, more like a clone of RHEL.
For developersIt is suitable for programming.It is too suitable for developing software.
For serverUbuntu LTS is recommended for executing on servers.Not recommended, regular updates, not stable.
For gamingIt Offers a gaming flavor for gamers. Ubuntu game packIt has a different fedora spin for playing Linux games.
For machine learningRecommended, support a wide range of tools for AI projects.It can be used for machine learning, not a big gap there.
Packages supportIt supports .dev packagesIt supports .rpm packages..
FastActually, not as fast as you might think because the Gnome distro is only a choice.Its performance on Desktop is fast and can become faster by changing desktop environments.
Change in Commandsapt updateapt installapt removeapt-cache searchdnf check-update dnf install dnf remove dnf search

How they are made?

Numerous Beginners think Fedora as a distro derived from Red Hat enterprises, which is a totally off-base saying. In fact, Fedora is a clone presented by The Red hat enterprise.

Next to this, it is a testing ground for red hat developers, as they can’t risk executing changes directly in their up and running server (RHEl).

So, that kind of stuff is handled by Fedora. Not to mention,  Fedora can be utilized for different work areas like Ubuntu.

Ubuntu is a pure Linux distro derived from Debian.

It can handle desktop as well as server running applications and has been supported by a well-known company Canonical over the years.

Despite only Ubuntu, many other distributions are out there as the part of Ubuntu release. Such as XUbuntu, Kubuntu, etc.

Different ways to Install.

Up to the mark, installing ubuntu and fedora on a Machine is not rocket science.

Anyways, Ubuntu’s installation process is a lot more straightforward. Here is why?

Fedora no doubt brings forth a more robust installer than Ubuntu, it’s called Anaconda Installer.

For instance, you can have the freedom to pre-install and uninstall software and some meaningful, customizable options to apply, right up before booting.

BUT, it is quite an advanced technique even for experts.

A large number of us don’t need such advanced highlights when installing.

Here Ubuntu gets you covered. Ubuntu ships with the Ubiquity Installer, as straightforward as installing windows on a Desktop.

No matter if this is your first attempt playing around with a Linux distro, I bet you wouldn’t find installing this difficult.

Not only does it make the entire process easy, but also it’s very cooperative.

As it can smell out if you have already installed Windows OS, at that moment, this distro auto-detects and assists you in carrying out Dual-booting Windows & Ubuntu.

Desktop environments in Fedora vs Ubuntu.

Desktop Environments handle the Main GUI, and both Ubuntu and Fedora use the same DE that is GNOME.

Anyway, Ubuntu’s Gnome differs from that of Fedora’s. Let’s see HOW?

Fedora uses non-modified GNOME as the default Desktop environment; further, you have a wide range of preferences to use any DE other than Gnome.

The thing to note down here, all the Fedora’s DE are known as Fedora spins.

And a collection is out there allowing you to choose and pick one that you see meets the most with your taste.

And importantly should be the best fit for your desktop specs because they look and treat entirely different from each one.

Although Ubuntu comes with Gnome too as Fedora, it is a modified one.

That is being said about Ubuntu’s Gnome that it is a customized version of unity Desktop environment (DE), that was the previous Ubuntu DE.

Moreover, Ubuntu basically does not offer to change DEs within the box, as Canonical LTD only supports Gnome, making it a unique choice.

However, some volunteers have worked on it, expanding Ubuntu’s DE support, leading it out of the way.

Simply, they made Ubuntu compatible enough to work with other DEs, so now users can download an Ubuntu’s flavor with different DEs to change the GUI.

There are some Ubuntu flavors, like Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Kubuntu, and list going on. It would not be wrong to say, if we conclude here, each Ubuntu’s DE has a separate Ubuntu flavor.

What Package managers fedora and Ubuntu use?

Package managers are responsible for any such activities, installing, deleting, updating, uninstalling.

if you’ve worked in Linux before you may have enough understanding regarding this.

What is more up here is, to conquer Linux functions, you must first understand the commands of different package managers.

In the case of Ubuntu and Fedora, both support different packages.

Ubuntu’s packages are inherited from the Debian family while Fedora’s from Red hat Linux, apart from this.

Fedora uses .dnf package manager, and Ubuntu’s package manager is formatted in APT to look after their packages with commands. So now,  let’s get a closer look at them.

Fedora shipped and used Yum package manager initially for a while to manage their .rpm packages.

But, now they have updated and opted for the .dnf package manager that works out with .rpm packages smoothly.

All the newer versions of Fedora now use .dnf commands for the reason that it proved to be faster, more robust, more reliable than .yum.

Not to forget about Fedora’s early updates. Like .yum the .dnf also automates the process of updating essential packages as soon as a new version comes out.

Far and away, Ubuntu has the most robust package manager of Linux, which is APT, fully compatible working with .deb packages.

After all, Ubuntu is slightly famous for being stable, that’s the main reason that the APT PM does not automate updates, besides it requires an additional command for updating all the software manually.

Hardware and driver support

Generally speaking, Linux distros have been flagged as having lack hardware support since their beginnings, but it is true in some rare cases, in the event that we are comparing Ubuntu and Fedora with respect to which one bolsters a higher number of hardware and driver support. By then, Ubuntu is a stride ahead.

Fedora is obtained from Red Hat Linux, so that is to state that Fedora has the idea of Linux profoundly. And when it comes to supporting stuff, all the open-source hardware’s drivers that Linux can support are compatible with Fedora as well. Additionally, Fedora gets the latest version very soon.

Ubuntu, on the other hand, comes up with a plus point, in spite of the fact that it underpins all the hardware and drivers that Fedora can, but there is something more you can expect: That is; Ubuntu has been upheld by a well-known company Cononicial LTD, that made Ubuntu robust enough to support FOSS hardware (free and open-source) effortlessly.

To sum up; Fedora can be customised in sake for running FOSS hardware too, yet it will lead you to become an expert in Linux in the first place.

Repositories

The number of software for .deb is indeed larger than .rpm. That simply concludes here; Ubuntu’s repository is larger than Fedora’s repository.

Fedora does not provide as much software to use as Ubuntu, due to the fact Fedora’s fan-base is comparatively lower than Ubuntu’s. Another point that impacted severely on Fedora that is; many well-known software developers whenever build a game, or app, they only tend to make it compatible working with .deb because of a large number of Linux distros ship with the .deb package. Shortly, they tend to focus on providing their apps to a great number of Linux users.

Ubuntu is jumping forward with regards to serving software, an ocean of games, apps, are out there in the ubuntu’s repository, along with that, the numerous number of software developers now have started targeting Linux users also. Altogether, you can not only grab the Linux base software but also tools from third-parties too. So, it makes a positive point towards Ubuntu.

Release cycle

Ubuntu has two versions, Ubuntu LTS and Ubuntu, the difference between them is their release Cycle. A new Ubuntu LTS version releases after every two years, and being supported for five years, it suits better for people who don’t want to bear with regular updating and prefer stability.

Next to that, Ubuntu regular version, also known as Ubuntu non-LTS.

Both non-LTS Ubuntu and Fedora have the same release cycle, that is a six months, and each update is being supported for 15 months only, that is to state here; you must update them within every nine months.

Preferably, people who tend to get updates as soon as possible use them, so whenever a new feature has been added, they can give it a shot.

Community

A vast community in the shape of forums is out there for both, in case you face any troubleshooting, most likely you’ll get resolved the issue sooner than later from there.

So if we run a comparison here, Ubuntu again leads here as well. Because, Ubuntu has the more extensive user base, it has two pretty big community forums-Ubuntu forums and Ask Ubuntu. In contrast, Fedora has one forum, the Fedora community. Not to mention, the support you will get from there is quite reliable, and perhaps you will resolve your problem by just searching around there as maybe someone asked the similar question already, and got the working solution as well.

Which one should I use Fedora or Ubuntu in 2021?

For doing Machine learning projects

Ubuntu is on top for machine learning, either in comparison with Fedora. Ubuntu’s official support for tools like KubeFlow, Kubernetes, Docker, CUDA, etc can’t be ignored. So it makes sense here why Ubuntu gets the first position overall.

On the other hand, Fedora is the second popular OS from Linux-family. The advanced support, regular updates, lead it to hold the second position. It basically is an environment; thus it plays well when you think your project needs to be run from a server or a cloud, by then  you better go with Fedora as it is already being used for running RHEL servers, you will get a better environment there.

For programming or developing

There are no significant pros or cons here. Fedora and Ubuntu both offer plenty of code editors, libraries to work with, and backpacks tools as well. So far the main difference you may see is the community support, you should point this out too before choosing one so in future, you can get help from there, as usual, developers need.

Apart from this, if you wish to program on an outdated computer or laptop and want to consume the smallest resources possible, then Fedora will lead you better. It is because you can choose a GUI with low resource-consumption within-the-box.

For Playing games

Fedora and Ubuntu both are decent choices for playing games. If you have done looking around for reviews, or advice to point you out in the right direction, whether You should use Fedora or Ubuntu? I predict you hardly find any worthy content up on this.

These two almost equally share the same hardware support because they both belong to Linux-kernel. It is true that Fedora will lead you to go through some complexity. However. For playing games only, a gamer figures first out fundamental support for drivers such as gamepads, graphics cards, and sometimes wifi-adapters. And on-the-spot, they both satisfy a gamer by bringing forth many drivers by default.

Apart from this, when it comes to looking at their gaming-support capabilities, you’ll see Ubuntu is up ahead. Numerous games that are compatible with Ubuntu, but not with Fedora. It is because Fedora has many dependencies for installing packages like WINE, LUTRIS. At the end, it’s not a big deal, you only have to make some additional efforts to deal with such types of issues.

Keeping that all in mind, you are better getting started with Ubuntu so long as you are a newbie. Fedora is also a good way to go if you can handle installing games along with dependencies in the first place. The overall experience will be buttery-smooth while playing games.

Conclusion- Which is better; Fedora vs Ubuntu in 2021?

Suppose you’re a developer or a gamer,  in short, if you need to receive updates early as possible. By then, you might feel comfortable with Fedora; however, the gaming-side of Fedora is not extensive to play some trendy games; still, you may find it convenient. I must say here, the developers-end of Fedora is more popular, as numerous developers are now switching from Ubuntu to Fedora, for the reason that Fedora is an environment for Red hat developers, not a Distro.

Ubuntu comes up with an admirable goal, and it would not be a wrong definition that Ubuntu tends to gain market share. By serving everything to everyone. That’s why some people proclaimed Ubuntu is a “Jack of all, expert of none” it seems to hit hard, indeed!…

Here is the explanation, there is Ubuntu for desktop, servers, touch for phones and mobile, also Ubuntu Mate for ARM, Ubuntu has tried Unity but adopted Gnome recently. If you do a little bit of research regarding Ubuntu’s uses, pros and cons in the areas of its uses, then probably you will end up saying this similar as we shortly concluded.

Not to mention, Ubuntu has always been the most recommended Linux distro for beginners, on the top of that, it’s targeted audience mostly coming from ex-window users.

Also read: How to install kali Linux on Android

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