Ubuntu and Fedora both are genuinely famous OS. Often, people take them as very similar to each other.
Numerous Beginners think of Fedora as a distro derived from Red Hat enterprises, which is a totally off-base saying. In fact, Fedora is a clone presented by The Red hat enterprise.
Next to this, it is a testing ground for red hat developers, as they can’t risk executing changes directly in their up-and-running server (RHEl). So, that kind of stuff is handled by Fedora.
Remember this, Fedora can be utilized for different work areas like Ubuntu.
Ubuntu is a pure Linux distro derived from Debian.
It can handle desktop as well as server-running applications and has been supported by a well-known company Canonical over the years.
Despite only Ubuntu, many other distributions are out there as part of the Ubuntu release. Such as XUbuntu, Kubuntu, etc.
Some common differences.
- Fedora is faster than Ubuntu because you can choose a lite Desktop environment (DE).
- Fedora gets updates faster than ubuntu, it’s more updated for this reason.
- Fedora and Ubuntu are equally good for developers, but there come personal decisions. Off the ground, both have support for code editors like visual code studio. But, a fedora can be customized to work faster if you have a low-end device.
- Ubuntu LTS is more than Fedora due to it being backed up for four years. Whereas the stability of Fedora and Ubuntu is almost the same.
Read more about Debian vs Ubuntu.
ubuntu 22.04 vs fedora 36: a comparison.
|Parameter||Ubuntu 20.04||Fedora 36|
|Primary Aim||Serve everything to every user.||It is basically a testing ground for RHEL servers.|
|Base & Core language||It is a Debian-based Linux Distro.||It is a testing ground for developers of Red hat, more like a clone of RHEL.|
|For developers||It is suitable for programming.||It is too suitable for developing software.|
|For server||Ubuntu LTS is recommended for executing on servers.||Not recommended, regular updates, not stable.|
|For gaming||It offers a gaming flavor for gamers. Ubuntu game pack||It has a different fedora spin for playing Linux games.|
|For machine learning||Recommended, and support a wide range of tools for AI projects.||It can be used for machine learning, not a big gap there.|
|Packages support||It supports .dev packages||It supports .rpm packages.|
|Fast||Actually, not as fast as you might think because the Gnome distro is only a choice.||Its performance on the Desktop is fast and can become faster by changing desktop environments.|
|Change in Commands||apt update apt install apt removeapt-cache search||dnf check-update dnf install dnf remove dnf search|
Up to the mark, installing ubuntu and fedora on a Machine is not rocket science. Anyways, Ubuntu’s installation process is a lot more straightforward. Here is why?
No matter if this is your first attempt playing around with a Linux distro, I bet you wouldn’t find installing this difficult. Ubuntu ships with the Ubiquity Installer, as straightforward as installing windows on a Desktop.
Also, if you have already installed Windows OS, at that moment, this distro auto-detects and assists you in carrying out Dual-booting Windows & Ubuntu.
Fedora no doubt brings forth a more robust installer than Ubuntu, it’s called Anaconda Installer.
For instance, it gives you the freedom to pre-install and uninstall software and some meaningful, customizable options to apply, right up before booting.
But, it is quite an advanced technique even for experts. A large number of us don’t need such advanced settings when installing.
Desktop environments in Fedora vs Ubuntu.
Desktop Environments handle the Main GUI, and Ubuntu and Fedora use the same GNOME DE. Anyway, Ubuntu’s Gnome differs from that of Fedora. Let’s see HOW?
Fedora uses non-modified GNOME as the default Desktop environment; further, you have a wide range of preferences to use any DE other than Gnome. The thing to note down here, all Fedora’s DE are known as Fedora spins. And a collection is out there allowing you to choose and pick one that you see meets the most with your taste.
And importantly your DE pick should be the best fit for your desktop specs because they look and eat resources entirely different from each other.
Although Ubuntu comes with Gnome too as Fedora, it is a modified one.
That being said that Ubuntu’s Gnome is a customized version of the Unity Desktop environment (DE), which was the previous Ubuntu DE. Moreover, Ubuntu basically does not offer to change DEs within the box, as Canonical LTD only supports Gnome, making it a unique choice.
However, some volunteers have worked on it, expanding Ubuntu’s DE support, and leading it out of the way. They made Ubuntu compatible enough to work with other DEs, so now users can download an Ubuntu’s flavor with different DEs to change the GUI.
There are some Ubuntu flavors, like
It would not be wrong to say, if we conclude here, that each Ubuntu DE has a separate Ubuntu flavor.
What Package managers do fedora and Ubuntu use?
Package managers are responsible for any such activities, as installing, deleting, updating, and uninstalling.
In the case of Ubuntu and Fedora, both support different packages.
Ubuntu’s packages are inherited from the Debian family while Fedora’s from Red hat Linux, apart from this. Fedora uses a .dnf package manager, and Ubuntu’s package manager is formatted in APT to look after their packages with commands. So now, let’s get a closer look at them.
But, now they have updated and opted for the .dnf package manager that works out with .rpm packages smoothly. Fedora shipped and used Yum package manager initially for a while to manage their .rpm packages.
So All the newer versions of Fedora now use .dnf commands for the reason that it proved to be faster, more robust, more reliable than .yum. Not to forget about Fedora’s early updates. Like .yum the .dnf also automates the process of updating essential packages as soon as a new version comes out.
Far and away, Ubuntu has the most robust package manager of Linux, which is APT, fully compatible working with .deb packages. After all, Ubuntu is slightly famous for being stable, that’s the main reason that the APT PM does not automate updates, besides it requires an additional command for updating all the software manually.
Hardware and driver support
Generally speaking, Linux distros have been flagged as having lacked hardware support since their beginnings, but it is true in some rare cases.
In the event that we are comparing Ubuntu and Fedora with respect to which one bolsters hardware and driver support. By then, Ubuntu is a stride ahead.
Fedora is obtained from Red Hat Linux, so that is to state that Fedora has the idea of Linux profoundly. And when it comes to supporting staff, all the open-source hardware drivers that Linux can support are compatible with Fedora as well.
Additionally, Fedora gets the latest version very soon.
Ubuntu, on the other hand, comes up with a plus point, in spite of the fact that it underpins all the hardware and drivers that Fedora can, but there is something more you can expect.
Ubuntu has been upheld by a well-known company Cononicial LTD, which made Ubuntu robust enough to support FOSS hardware (free and open-source) effortlessly.
To sum up; Fedora can be customized for the sake of running FOSS hardware too, yet it will lead you to become an expert in Linux in the first place.
Fedora does not provide as much software to use as Ubuntu, due to the fact Fedora’s fan base is comparatively lower than Ubuntu’s. Many well-known software developers whenever building a game, or app, only tend to make it compatible working with .deb because a large number of Linux distros ship with the .deb package.
Shortly, they tend to focus on providing their apps to a great number of Linux users.
Ubuntu is jumping forward with regards to serving software, an ocean of games, and apps, are out there in ubuntu’s repository, and along with that, numerous software developers now have started targeting Linux users also. Altogether, you can not only grab Linux base software but also tools from third parties too.
So, it makes a positive point about Ubuntu.
Ubuntu has two versions, Ubuntu LTS and Ubuntu, the difference between them is their release Cycle.
A new Ubuntu LTS version releases after every two years, and is supported for five years, it suits better people who don’t want to bear with regular updating and prefer stability. Next to that is Ubuntu regular version, also known as Ubuntu non-LTS.
- Both non-LTS Ubuntu and Fedora have the same release cycle, that is for six months, and each update is being supported for 15 months only, that is stated here; you must update them within every nine months.
Preferably, people who tend to get updates as soon as possible use them, so whenever a new feature has been added, they can give it a shot.
A vast community in the shape of forums is out there for both, in case you face any troubleshooting, most likely you’ll get resolved the issue sooner than later from there.
So if we run a comparison here,
In contrast, Fedora has one forum, the Fedora community.
Not to mention, the support you will get from there is quite reliable, and perhaps you will resolve your problem by just searching around there as maybe someone asked a similar question already, and got the working solution as well.
Fedora vs Ubuntu which is better?
Developing machine learning projects
Ubuntu is on top of machine learning, either in comparison with Fedora.
Fedora is the second most popular OS in the Linux family. The advanced support, and regular updates, lead it to hold the second position.
It basically is an environment; thus it plays well when you think your project needs to be run from a server or a cloud, by then you better go with Fedora as it is already being used for running RHEL servers, you will get a better environment there.
For programming or developing
There are no significant pros or cons here.
Fedora and Ubuntu both offer plenty of code editors, libraries to work with, and backpack tools as well.
So far the main difference you may see is the community support, you should point this out too before choosing one so in the future, you can get help from there, as usual, developers need.
if you wish to program on a low-end computer or laptop and want to consume the smallest resources possible, then Fedora is better for programming. It is because you can choose a GUI with low resource consumption within the box.
For Playing games
Fedora and Ubuntu both are decent choices for playing games.
If you have done looking around for reviews, or advice to point you out in the right direction, whether You should use Fedora or Ubuntu?
These two almost equally share the same hardware support because they both belong to the Linux kernel. It is true that Fedora will lead you to go through some complexity.
However. For playing games only, a gamer figures first out fundamental support for drivers such as gamepads, graphics cards, and sometimes wifi adapters. And on the spot, they both satisfy a gamer by bringing forth many drivers by default.
Apart from this, when it comes to looking at their gaming-support capabilities, you’ll see Ubuntu is up ahead. Numerous games are compatible with Ubuntu, but not with Fedora.
It is because Fedora has many dependencies for installing packages like WINE, and LUTRIS. In the end, it’s not a big deal, you only have to make some additional efforts to deal with such types of issues.
Keeping that all in mind, you are better off getting started with Ubuntu so long as you are a newbie.
Fedora is also a good way to go if you can handle installing games along with dependencies in the first place. The overall experience will be buttery-smooth while playing games.
Also read: How to install kali Linux on Android