Looking for Difference between Debian and Ubuntu? Here’s what we’ll be discussing, each aspect whether gaming, server, performance, stability, laptops, this detailed guide covers everything.
Debian distro is focused on bringing softwares free to everyone, it has three versions depending upon their release cycles, stable, non-stable, testing.
On the other hand, the Ubuntu distro based on Debian and is geared toward ease, aiming to serve Linux to everyone. Also, it has two variations depending upon their release cycles. It is said that Ubuntu is for beginners.
Debian is based on the linux kernel, in 1993 it has been released the first open-source platform, that was aimed to distribute free OS, softwares, among people.
Plus, it does not have any constant support as UBuntu, so every control is given to the user who use this, no restrictions, no third party, just nothing. Simply you, and this Distro. You can explore its features as well.
Ubuntu is currently the most running Linux Distro out there, and it is derived from Debian too. However, soon, the Connoncial undertook it and became a helping hand, by means they handle and take care of user experience.
As Ubuntu’s prime purpose was to make Linux easier for everyone, indeed it tends to cover all the working areas such as Desktop, servers, gaming, and so on.
Meanwhile, Ubuntu comes up with easy to customize GUI, installing process, and uphold many softwares including PPA so you can install softwares that are currently not available in it. Read move about Ubuntu
Table of Contents
- 1 Debian vs Ubuntu– Overview
- 2 Debian vs Ubuntu: Comparison
Debian vs Ubuntu– Overview
|Introduction||It is a Linux distro for people to use free softwares.||It is derived from Debian and highly focuses on making Linux accessible for everyone.|
|Release cycles||no certain release cycle, however, the Debian stable version is rock-solid stable.||two release cycles, Ubuntu LTS every year, and Ubuntu, every 9 months. Yet the LTS is more stable.|
|Stability||It has a stable version.||It also has a stable version, Ubuntu LTS.|
|For Developers||Its stable version favors developers.||It’s Ubuntu LTS can be a good choice for developers.|
|Performance||It performs better on low-end machines.||It needs customizations to perform faster on low-end machines.|
|Desktop Use||It is not much suitable for desktop for beginners.||It is suitable for desktop use for everyone.|
|Installation||It can be troublesome for installing for beginners.||It is easy to install, like installing windows.|
|Softwares||It has many softwares, mainly they all are free to use.||It has support for non-free softwares, along with free softwares as well.|
Debian vs Ubuntu: Comparison
Things you should keep in mind, they both are equally same as ubuntu is nothing but a smart-child distro of Debian. They both support .deb packages and have the same APT package manager.
However below we’ve written some differences that make them apart.
Both of these distros are fairly useful in the developer’s era. To know which one you should use as a developer? here we have simplified this for you.
Debian has some drawbacks that you would face with Debian distro as a developer, such as you will have to walk through a difficult process while installing several libraries.
That does not mean it is not suitable for developers, yes it is, But not the best choice when we have ubuntu on the other way.
On the other hand, Choosing Ubuntu as a developer will save you from much of the pain, mainly while installing java frameworks or other python frameworks.
As it is said earlier, it focuses on easiness for all so as well for developers can find many libraries out there, without the need for going through further operations.
The best thing about Ubuntu, it has wider community support, such as StackOverflow or other forums.
That means if you fall into an error, it will be a lot easier for you to catch up because there are higher chances are the same error already has been asked by any other user.
So, you don’t need to ask and wait for others to answer it.
This is to conclude that both share the same packages, as a developer if you see something working on Ubuntu, it is of course can work on Debian too.
Generally, there is not a big difference here despite the fact Ubuntu provides easiness.
LInux distros are popular for their performance, so read below to understand what’s the main difference in their performances.
Debian needs lower resources to run, under 1 GB of hard disk space is enough to get this working on.
This is what triggers its performance, as it has minimum packages in-built this makes Debian perform faster, by the way, you can add many packages later depending upon your computer specs.
Out of this, we are making assumptions of their by default properties, first thing you have to ask yourself, on what scale are you reaching a decision? is your laptop is outdated and you want to boost it? if that’s so you are in very good hands with Debian.
Whereas, if we scale Ubuntu’s performance on an average machine, like 4GB ram, and 500 GB hard disk, at that scaffold there is no doubt that it has an upper hand over other OSs around.
But when comparing to Debian, such as performance in older laptops with low specs then it is for sure, its performance is not that much high as you get from Debian.
For the reason that it comes up with many packages that however to say put a heavy load on it. Let’s keep aside, a large factor of their speed depend upon the Desktop environments, which are changeable.
The main difference between Debian and Ubuntu’s performance is related to the specs of your machine. If your Machine has lower specs, then Debian can boost it up as it is very lightweight.
On the other hand, Ubuntu has proven faster performance than other OSs, but it is not that fast on low devices as Debian Distro.
There is no doubt most of us will use it on our Desktop, read below to understand which one you should pick.
Debian distro is good for desktop use, as there is no doubt you get real feel freedom, secure privacy, customize it in the you desire, plus a lot of resources of certain softwares in its repositories.
Also can enhace speed by changind desktop environments, it supports many DE whether you own a low-end PC or higher specs machine you can customize it whatever way you want.
In case you want to taste the new packages earliest, then it unstable Debian will please you more as it is the who gets updates faster.
However, to say, it is a little bit to run Debian on a desktop for a beginner, and as mentioned it does not come up with many packages that you might have, but it makes Debian run faster on a machine don’t forget this.
Ubuntu takes the upper hand there when it comes to Desktop as it is mainly focused on ease. Thus if it is your attempt to choose a Linux distro that actually does not feel typical to understand, Ubuntu is the way to go.
That’s is say here as long as you want a beginner-friendly desktop environment use this.
It puts together general tasks easier such as downloading Drivers, Graphics Cards, Softwares, updating, using Prosperity software, even you can Install Windows themes on Ubuntu OS, which can be a first choice for beginners to play with Ubuntu Linux.
They both are stable, however we have explained a detailed overview for a better understanding.
Debian has a stable and not-stable version. The stable version is indeed stable can work for a long period of time without cropping up errors.
However the non-stable version gets frequent updates, anyhow it does not have a specific time duration for receiving updates, if everything goes well, later they add those updates to the stable Debian version. This makes Debian stable version very stable.
Ubuntu also has a stable and non-stable version, it’s a stable version called Ubuntu LTS.
These two almost share the same philosophy as Debian. But here is a big difference, unlike Debian Ubuntu has a pure company (Connocial) that focuses on providing updates in a specific period, and they also take of many other things regarding Ubuntu.
Both Ubuntu and debian has a stable and non-stable version, and they both have almost the way of sharing updates.
The only difference is out there that Ubuntu has a certain period of updates which is 9 months, but debian does not seem to obey any timing when updating.
Keep in mind, as they both shares same packages so note this here that All the ubuntu’s update come from the Debian. This is the reason Debian is also called bleeding-edge distro.
if you think you can go long without updating your server for at least three years, then Debian’s Stable version is the way to go because you will almost don’t get any new updates for the next few years.
By the way, if you want to receive updates frequently, then the Ubuntu LTS version would lead you better.
You will surely get updated after every six months, so, therefore, a little risk associated with that “BUGS,” NOT ALWAYS, though.
Thanks to Canonical volunteers who work hard for us to maintain ubuntu,
Installing any Linux distro feels like something advanced, to get away out of this though read below to understand which has an easier installation process.
installing Debian on a machine is not very straightforward. It indeed requires basic guidelines to choose and install the appropriate Debian version on your architecture.
When you install Debian for the first time, you might get stuck yourself at some moments.
Such as choosing the right Debian Image, CD, or DVD, Stable or unstable version, architecture, apt packages, so on. After installing one, by the way, there are yet many technical processes to go through.
Whereas, Ubuntu provides a one-click installation method; simply choose LTS or non-LTS format and hit the download button. It does not need to walk through much documentation.
With a word of doubt, they both have earned a large community, in case you want to look at which one has even larger? read below
Debian has a wide community around it, by the fact it is one of the top Linux distros, therefore, the number of its users is quite high.
In almost every forum on the web you see a lot of expert Debian users are talking about its pros and cons, besides many beginners are learning from there whenever they stuck somewhere they can have the solution instantly.
It is said that Ubuntu has the most active community, there is a reason for this that is, Ubuntu LTS basically target everyone that have just left windows or macOS, I’m repeating here that it mainly focuses on the beginner-friendly environment in Linux.
That’s is why new users are attracting to its features. Plus the connocial support also plays a profound role, it has pulled a strong hand to add customer support as well, reported bugs by the users can be fixed soon.
By observing the community of both these Ubuntu and Debian, it is clear they both have an extended community.
But that is to say, in Debian’s community mostly people are developers, programmers, or one who actually do not afraid of technology in the real sense.
Whereas Ubuntu leads a community of people who have just left windows, macOS for some reason.
If you are a beginner, looking for which one will be easier for you, then move on read below we have explained everything in detail.
the Debian does not all the way fit. When it comes to a beginner-friendly approach, Because It does not come up with many packages, drivers, that a beginner wants to have, it is true you can install later manually.
As we are assuming an absolute beginner who has not enough understanding at all, it might feel troublesome at some points.
Ubuntu aims to serve Linux to everyone in a beginner-friendly environment. It is easy to install, frequent updates, and almost all apt packages that handle enough tasks to boot your machine. With all this, ubuntu is on the lead.
On the other hand, Debian offers these things too, but it has dual nature. It can act as beginner-friendly and more technical as only experts can understand; Depending on the version you choose.
Although both debian and Ubuntu can be modified as per requirements.
But, we took here the by default shape, so that by default creates differences and let us conclude their pros and cons. And when talking about ease in these two, Ubuntu LTS is something that leads here.
We have repeated many times in this post that Debian and Ubuntu share the same goals. If we just remove branding for a moment, there would not be many differences between Debian vs. ubuntu.
- Ubuntu is a Linux distro. Debian also is.
- Ubuntu can be run on a desktop as well as a server, Debian also.
- Ubuntu uses apt packages, Debian also.
- Ubuntu has resporisites for software, Debian also has.
Debian is mostly preferred for running it onto a server because it has the stable version which is indeed stable and can work for years without needing updates.
Debian is the second-largest distro on the basis of website numbers that are running Debian in their servers.
Most of them use Debian Stable version because the non-stable version can often crop up bugs when an update does not work well. That’s is the reason Debian Stable is very popular for running servers, plus it is lightweight, performs faster, so overall it is a good choice.
Ubuntu is on the top when counting the numbers of users that are using Ubuntu on their servers, although as we said here, it contains many packages that sometimes useless, people are smart enough to find such packages and make them lightweight by pulling them out.
Besides, again the support that comes from connocial makes this distro stand out as compared to other Linux distros. Lastly, Ubuntu LTS is the one that is the first choice for executing on the server.
Their release cycles are different from each other, Here is the brief explanation for them.
Debian has no specific release cycle for Debian, but we will explore here how its release cycle works.
There are three debian versions named, Stable, Nonstable, and testing.
- Stable: It is solid stable, its update cycle is longer as compared to others. mostly preferred for servers.
- Nonstable: it is the second testing stage for the new updates, it can be useful however small chances are there that it will draw some errors.
- Testing: As the name suggests, it is the bleeding-edge of Debian, you can say a testing ground for Debian updates, its more fluctuated, thus higher chances are that it will catch bugs and errors.
Ubuntu has two versions depending upon their release cycles. Ubuntu LTS and Ubuntu
- Ubuntu LTS: It is stable, and gets updated after every 2 years, and is supported for 5 years.
- Ubuntu: it is also named as Non-stable version, it gets updated after every 9 months, and is being supported for 15 to 24 months.
If playing games is your first choice, apart from these two, there are many best linux distros for gaming out there.
Debian lacks some apt packages to support some graphics cards, it is understandable as it does not come up with many packages, so the gaming side also gets impact in this way,
Thus, you will have to install them manually, and the point to notice here is that many graphics cards do not support or allow their hardware to be used in an open-source OS. However, if you use Nvidia, then you are good to go.
Ubuntu’s performance is better. Such as it gets updates more lasting as the gaming industry is also growing faster, so you can get in touch with the latest updates as soon as possible.
Besides, Ubuntu targets user experience, therefore it has driven some gaming distros that fulfill the needs of gamers.
Also, many graphics card drivers come by default so you don’t need to look for them manually. In the rare scenario, if you see anything missing out there, then you move on to the manual option and get that one.
Long story short, Linux came into and carried out the job, in the beginning, since it is an open-source OS, so developers kept changing it and developed its parts that are now known as Distros.
By now, there are around more than 300+ Linux distros out there.
All Linux distros are based on the same Core. “kernel” but have different purposes. Such as the Most popular ones, Debian and Ubuntu.
Fast Forward; Debian is known as the Parent Distro of Ubuntu, so probably anything Ubuntu can do most likely Debian can also bother, with a little Twist.
Debian has always been an expert’s choice since it has different releases and versions containing different packages.
On the other hand, Ubuntu is officially aiming to serve Linux in a simple way or better to say, to spread Linux in a simple and easy to understand environment.
Which works better with raspberry pi?
First and foremost, Raspberry pi has its OS called Raspberian, based on Debian Linux Distro. Moreover, Ubuntu has emerged from Debian too. Anyway, the main objective here is user experience, Since Linux is an open-source OS.
Developers have cut it into sorts that exactly fit for various purposes. Raspbian OS came out from Debian LINUX to pull off difficulties in using raspberry pi. In case you your task will not be handled thoroughly, you may better check out others, not just Ubuntu or Debian.
There are more than 300+ Linus distros, almost Interchangeable.
Thus, we can say here. It is not about choosing Debian or Ubuntu for raspberry pi. It all depends on your workflow. Read more; Raspberry pi vs. Arduino.
which supports more Software?
Since Ubuntu is more geared towards beginners and desktop environments, thus it supports more software (Inbuilt), neither too short nor enough yet more than Debian.
Alongside Debian, since it is a parent Distro, apparently it can Support what Ubuntu can, which means it also has huge Repository for softwares.
However, When you use Debian, you will have to install packages for each software installation.
So far, for beginners, it may become frustrating, so a better option is ubuntu, which almost covers enough packages for software.
For example, see how to install telegram in a Linux machine.